Disability is not an inability
Community-Based Rehabilitation (CBR) is a community development strategy that aims at enhancing the lives of persons with disabilities within their community. This is community action to ensure that people with disabilities have the same rights and opportunities as all other community members.
The CBR project is being implemented by Sagoal in wards numbers 4, 5, 6, and 7 of Rupa rural municipality, Kaski district for the past four years. The steps of the project implementation are first to identify persons with disabilities, facilitate them to form self-help groups (persons with disabilities and their guardians, poor single women), and carry out various activities related to health, education, livelihood, and inclusion.
Currently, 13 self-help groups have been formed and are actively working in Rupa rural municipality. The group meetings are held once a month in each group. Members of the group discuss their needs, concerns, and interests and prepare an action plan and work for its implementation. Each member contributes money for saving on a monthly basis. This way revolving funds are increased and members of the group borrow from this for buying chickens, piglets, and goats for their income generation for their family.
The self-help group members discuss the rights and entitlements of persons with disabilities and how to obtain these rights.
Livelihood opportunities for a person with a disability
One of the main components of the project is the creation of livelihood opportunities for persons with disabilities to help them to attain financial independence. We work toward the promotion of access to self-employment in the local context.
They have been provided practical training such as poultry, goat, pig keeping, beekeeping, and vegetable, and fruit farming. 85 persons with disabilities have been actively involved in income-generating activities. It has increased their confidence. Families have been able to send their children to school. The attitude of family members and the community has changed since persons with disabilities are able to earn a living and contribute financially to the family.
Primary education must be inclusive and accessible to all. No provider of public education can discriminate on the grounds of gender, ethnicity, language, religion, opinion, disability, or social and economic status. Article 24 of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) provides not only that children with disabilities should not be discriminated against but also that they should be able to participate in the general education system.
There are 30 children with disabilities in Rupa rural municipality who go to schools. Among them, 16 are female and 14 are male.
Scholarships have been given by Sagoal to 16 female students with disabilities. They were provided school uniforms, bags, and exercise books. The wages for sewing school uniforms were provided by Rupa rural municipality. The scholarships were helpful for students with disabilities to continue their studies and for the participants in their school activities without discrimination.
In addition to this, Sagoal has facilitated the inclusion of students with disabilities in the child clubs of schools. Students with disabilities have opportunities to be involved in all school activities without discrimination. Teachers have been provided training on inclusive teaching. Various activities have been carried out by Sagoal in schools in the project working area to create a disability-friendly environment.